John Heartfield (1891-1968) was a pioneer in photo manipulation. Born Helmut Herzfeld, he changed his name as a protest against anti-English sentiment in Germany between the World Wars. Heartfield was one of the first artists to use photomontage, skillfully manipulating photographs to vicously satirize the brutality of the Nazi regime. This was decades before Photoshop, so he did them all by hand, making his artwork all the more impressive. His best known work is “Hurrah! The Butter is all gone!”, showing a family attempting to eat various metal items, decrying how war takes food away from the people.His artwork stands as an example of Photoshopping before Photoshop, and continues to inspire people to resist oppression and violence.